Every car must pass its annual MOT test to make sure it is road safety, eligible for tax and of course insurance. An MOT keeps the vehicle safe and in good condition from a safety point of view. The majority of garages provides MOT testing including Broadway service & MOT test centre in Llandudno which provides MOT’s at competitive rates and by professional and highly trained staff.
So What exactly does an MOT Test involve.
Your front, rear, brake, indicators, registration plate lights and rear reflectors will be checked to ensure they are:
Correctly positioned, secure
In good condition
Be of a correct colour
Not adversely affected by the operation of other lights
Able to be illuminated by a single switch
Pairs of lights must appear the same (size, colour shape)
The Headlight’s aim should not dazzle other drivers.
The horn needs to sound a continuous and uniform note, and be loud enough to be audible by other road users.
The battery needs to be secured, along with no signs of leaking electrolyte.
Electrical wiring also needs to be secure, with no substantial damage which could cause failure of disconnection.
Vehicles with tow bars
Electrical sockets will all be tested to see if their condition is of an acceptable standard and that they correctly operate the trailer parking lights, brake lights, indicators and rear fog lights.
Steering and suspension
Whoever is invigilating the test will check the steering’s strength and condition, by pushing the wheel in various directions and checking for wear and damage to each of the components.
If the steering has any kind of locking device, it will also be tested to ensure that it doesn’t lock while the engine isn’t running.
Vehicles with power steering must have the minimum level of power steering fluid in the reservoir.
Suspension components and shock absorbers will be checked for excessive corrosion, distortion and fractures.
9.6 % of MOT fails are down to issues with breaks. Overall condition of brakes, pedals and levers are checked, along with relevant warning lights. A performance test will be carried out to test the efficiency of the breaks.
Tyres and road wheels
10% of all MOT faults are down to tyres. The tyre needs to be of an appropriate speed and load rating for the vehicle. Tread depth needs to not exceed the legal limit of 1.6mm; tyres will be examined for any cuts which are in excess of 25mm, as well as apparent lumps, bulges, tears, exposure of the cord and the treat separation.
Vehicles with tyres which run-flat, warning lights must operate correctly.
Road wheels must also be in good general condition.
You can check the tread depth before your test with a 20 pence coin. At the same time check your tyre’s pressure and for signs of damage.
Seatbelt (and restraint systems)
Each seat belt (including the attachment adjustment fittings) will be checked for its security and condition.
Body, structure and general items
The inspector will examine the body, chassis, engine mountings, doors and seats. All components need to be free of too much corrosion and without sharp edges which may be a safety risk.
A registration plate needs to be fitted on both the front and the rear. The plates need to be secure, clearly legible to someone standing 20 metres away from the car. Characters on the plates need to be evenly spaced and with no cause to be misread.
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Vehicles have to have a constantly visible and readable VIN; this is secured to the window or stamped/etched onto the car’s main body.
Speedometer should be fitted, can be illuminated. It is inconsequential if the dial’s glass is cracked so long as the speed is legible.
Exhaust, fuel and emissions.
Exhaust mechanism will be checked to see that it is reliably secured and is absent of leaking. A vehicle fitted with a catalytic converter must still be present.
This will also be checked for leaks, with a tank cap which is able to seal properly.
EmissionsThe tester will use a gas analyser probe, the engine is running to test smoke emitted from the exhaust. Emissions of carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons must fall within the legally defined limit. The inspector will visually check the exhaust for excessive smoke.
View of the road
The driver’s view of the road must be clear, 6.6 percent of MOT failures are as a result of this.
It is important that mirrors are secured, providing adequate views on both sides as well as the rear.
In the area of the windscreen directly in front of the driver, there must not be any damage or obstruction to the view front the windscreen any larger than 10mm. outside this area (within the swept area); there mustn’t be damage or obstruction any larger than 40mm.
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